Exportar registro bibliográfico

Forests and cities: essays on urban growth and development in the Brazilian Amazon (2013)

  • Authors:
  • Autor USP: CASTELANI, SERGIO ANDRé - FEA
  • Unidade: FEA
  • Sigla do Departamento: EAE
  • Subjects: ECONOMETRIA; URBANIZAÇÃO; INSUMO-PRODUTO; MIGRAÇÃO; AMAZÔNIA
  • Keywords: Urbanization; Brazilian Amazon; Econometrics; Input-Output; Migration; Spatial econometrics; Spatial economics; Urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon; Deforestation; Economic growth; Economic development; Cities of the Amazon; Municipalities; Amazon forest
  • Language: Inglês
  • Abstract: The Brazilian Amazon has been undergoing a process of population growth and urbanization in recent decades. Its urban population increased from 42% to 71% between 1960 and 2010, and in the last decade, its overall population grew around 21%. Such rises bring important consequences not only economically, but also in environmental terms, especially considering that the largest remaining rainforest in the world is located within this region. Nevertheless, this scenario is still poorly addressed by literature. Bearing this in mind, this thesis aims to examine some economic and environmental aspects related to this context, and is specifically divided into three essays. Firstly, a spatial econometric approach is implemented, based on the framework of spatial economics models, in order to investigate whether this process of urbanization has been generating local economic growth and development. In the second essay, aiming to measure the environmental impacts of such population growth and urbanization, an Interregional Input-Output model is built, for the year of 2004, merging data regarding the productive structure and land use transition in the Brazilian Amazon. Specifically, this method allows the measurement of how much local deforestation may be attributed to the consumption of goods and services demanded by households living within the region, considering all direct and indirect production of inputs and outputs in every region of Brazil. Moreover, in order to capture theeffects of local urbanization, special focus is given to the demands of the families living within the five Brazilian Amazon metropolitan regions. Finally, in the third essay, given that population growth and urbanization processes are directly related to migration flows, an econometric model was implemented in order to investigate the determinants of immigration and emigration flows between the Brazilian Amazon and the rest of Brazil. This estimation allowed the comparison of the reasons that have been driving the exit and the entry of individuals in the region. Such methodology makes use of estimators which take into account econometric problems commonly attributed by literature to the modeling of migration flows, such as the sample selection issue regarding the potential differences in skills between migrants and non-migrants. As main results, we find evidence that these local processes of urbanization and population growth have been causing a \"trade -off\" in the region: on the one hand, such processes seem to be driving local economic growth and development, but on the other, they also tend to increase regional deforestation. Furthermore, we find evidence that although the immigration and emigration flows of the Brazilian Amazon have been currently well-balanced, local vegetative growth still has been fueling such population growth and urbanization. Moreover, we find that the motivations which lead individuals to immigrate to the Brazilian Amazon are quite distinctfrom those that encourage people to leave it: whereas the former seek immediate higher levels of real income, the latter seem to move to cities with higher levels of education
  • Imprenta:
  • Data da defesa: 03.12.2013
  • Acesso à fonte
    How to cite
    A citação é gerada automaticamente e pode não estar totalmente de acordo com as normas

    • ABNT

      CASTELANI, Sergio André; IGLIORI, Danilo Camargo. Forests and cities: essays on urban growth and development in the Brazilian Amazon. 2013.Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 2013. Disponível em: < http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/12/12138/tde-06022014-171117/ >.
    • APA

      Castelani, S. A., & Igliori, D. C. (2013). Forests and cities: essays on urban growth and development in the Brazilian Amazon. Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo. Recuperado de http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/12/12138/tde-06022014-171117/
    • NLM

      Castelani SA, Igliori DC. Forests and cities: essays on urban growth and development in the Brazilian Amazon [Internet]. 2013 ;Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/12/12138/tde-06022014-171117/
    • Vancouver

      Castelani SA, Igliori DC. Forests and cities: essays on urban growth and development in the Brazilian Amazon [Internet]. 2013 ;Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/12/12138/tde-06022014-171117/

    Últimas obras dos mesmos autores vinculados com a USP cadastradas na BDPI:

Digital Library of Intellectual Production of Universidade de São Paulo     2012 - 2021