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Psychology and psychoanalysis in Brasil: From cultural syncretism to the collapse of liberal individualism (2008)

  • Autor:
  • Autor USP: DUNKER, CHRISTIAN INGO LENZ - IP
  • Unidade: IP
  • Subjects: PSICANÁLISE; IDEOLOGIA
  • Language: Inglês
  • Abstract: This paper focuses first on cultural syncretism, used to characterize Brazilian culture. The other aspect of this socially and racially blended culture is the unfinished assimilation of liberalism in politics and the economy, which defines Brazilian society. The increased assimilation and dissemination of psychology may be linked with these in cultural and social aspects. During the military period (1964-1974) the major expansion in university-level studies in psychology contributed ideologically to the dissemination of psychology throughout Brazilian society. This introduced a type of psychology that was related primarily to clinical practice and developed in opposition to social work practice. This paper examines the ideological bases for this conflict between clinical and social work. Criteria for understanding the cultural dissemination of psychoanalysis are then discussed, and it is argued that cultural incorporation of psychoanalysis involves the development of discourse complexes to reflect particular aspects of Brazilian society. The criteria (a non-totalitarian society and the displacement of a magical and religious interpretation of mental disturbance by psychiatric interpretation) are evaluated in relation to the peculiarities of Brazilian syncretism. The paper argues that cultural syncretism and the incomplete assimilation of liberal ideology must be included as criteria in understanding the particular cultural incorporation of psychoanalysis in Brazil
  • Imprenta:
  • Source:
    • Título do periódico: Theory & Psychology
    • Volume/Número/Paginação/Ano: v. 18, n. 2, p. 223-236, 2008

  • How to cite
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    • ABNT

      DUNKER, Christian Ingo Lenz. Psychology and psychoanalysis in Brasil: From cultural syncretism to the collapse of liberal individualism. Theory & Psychology, Georgia, v. 18, n. 2, p. 223-236, 2008.
    • APA

      Dunker, C. I. L. (2008). Psychology and psychoanalysis in Brasil: From cultural syncretism to the collapse of liberal individualism. Theory & Psychology, 18( 2), 223-236.
    • NLM

      Dunker CIL. Psychology and psychoanalysis in Brasil: From cultural syncretism to the collapse of liberal individualism. Theory & Psychology. 2008 ; 18( 2): 223-236.
    • Vancouver

      Dunker CIL. Psychology and psychoanalysis in Brasil: From cultural syncretism to the collapse of liberal individualism. Theory & Psychology. 2008 ; 18( 2): 223-236.


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