Equity and working time: a challenge to achieve (2004)
- Autor USP: FISCHER, FRIDA MARINA - FSP
- Unidade: FSP
- Subjects: EQUIDADE; JORNADA DE TRABALHO; TRABALHO NOTURNO; TRABALHO EM TURNOS; RISCOS OCUPACIONAIS; SAÚDE OCUPACIONAL
- Language: Inglês
- Abstract: Equity is a humanitarian issue that gained strenght during the transition from the 20th to the 21st century due to the mountingglobal discussion and social crisis involving human rights, health and work. This article aims at (1) introducing the concept of equity as it applies to work environments, particularly to situations involving demanding work schedules, (2) discussing the role of science in equity issues related to work, (3) introducing a new scientific society dedicated to working-time issues, and (4)presenting an overview of new research on working time and health as addressed by the series of manuscripts published in this special issue of Chronobiology International devoted to the XVIth International Symposium on Night and Shiftwork, held in Santos, Brazil, November 2003. The concept of equity has a political as a well as a scientific dimension. Many worldwide organizations, e.g., civil society, academia, and occupational health research instituitions, advocate prompt actions toward equity as a strategy to attain sustainable development and to reduce pooverty. The analyses of current tendencies in work settings reveal a general situation of disrespect for equity principles, wich is expressed by heavy workloads, long work hours, poor work conditions, and deregulation of established labor laws, mainly in (but notrestricted to) developing countries. In spite of the great contribuition of science in the past five decades, obstacles stand in theway of effectively improving good working conditions, particulary in times of precarious employment. The Workig Time Society is a new scientific society that aims at promoting research into working time and health and offers practical advice on how to minimize adverse effects of working hours on workers' health and well-being. An updated view of the research on working times and health includes studies on the relationship between work schedles, worker health, and well-being; effects of night and shiftwork on the international synchronization of circadian rhythms and laboratory and field interventions; new methods of investigation or new approaches in shft-work studies; and prediction of risks in night and shift work. Current tendencies of work organization contribute to the amplification of inequality across groups and populations, revealing that equity remains a chalenge to achieve. (AU)
ABNTFISCHER, Frida Marina. Equity and working time: a challenge to achieve. Chronobiology International, New York, US : Marcel Dekker, v. 21, n. 6, p. 813-829, 2004.
APAFischer, F. M. (2004). Equity and working time: a challenge to achieve. Chronobiology International, 21( 6), 813-829.
NLMFischer FM. Equity and working time: a challenge to achieve. Chronobiology International. 2004 ; 21( 6): 813-829.
VancouverFischer FM. Equity and working time: a challenge to achieve. Chronobiology International. 2004 ; 21( 6): 813-829.
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